A deforested area in Humaitá, Amazonas state, Brazil, on September 16, 2022. MICHAEL DANTAS / AFP via Getty Images
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THE Brazilian government unveiled the fifth phase of an action plan for the prevention and control of deforestation in the Amazon (PPCDAm) — the largest rainforest on Earth tropical forest — by 2030. Launched in 2004, the new phase of the PPDAm will fight environmental crimes with strengthened law enforcement, among other strategies, Reuters reported.
In 2021, while Jair Bolsonaro was still president, Brazil signed a pact with more than 140 nations to eliminate Deforestation by 2030. Bolsonaro’s successor, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has made this commitment a central point of the government’s environmental agenda.
“Brazil will once again become a world reference in sustainabilitytackle climate changeand achieve the goals of carbon reduced emissions and zero deforestation,” Lula said in a speech to mark World Environment Day in the country’s capital, Brasilia, as Politico reported.
Brazil is the sixth largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world, according to Climate watch, nearly half of which comes from deforestation. But Lula’s administration promised to reach net zero deforestation by increasing the country’s commitments to reduce emissions at the rate promised during the Paris Agreement in 2015 – reducing them by 37% by 2025 and 43% by 2030, Politico reported.
The new plan includes an increase of 4,400 acres to be set aside for conservationfar from being considered sufficient by environmentalists.
Lula said the Brazilian government would designate more conservation units, following more studies and arrangements with state governments.
“I am determined to take back global leadership from Brazil in mitigating climate change and controlling deforestation,” Lula said in the speech, as reported by Reuters.
The action plan presents a synchronized policy between several ministries until the end of Lula’s mandate in 2027.
The plan will use land title regularization and use satellite imagery and intelligence to track criminal activity, as well as monitor forest management through a rural cadastre.
For example, cash payments for equipment used in logging or gold mining can be tracked using financial information.
According to the plan, economic incentives for sustainable forest management and conservation will be used to increase native vegetation and help regenerate degraded forests.
The action plan envisages the creation of a traceability system agricultural products that come from the Amazon, such as cattle and wood, to show that they do not come from deforested lands.
Furthermore, the plan aims to develop a sustainable green economy in the region to include ecotourism, certification of forest products and arrangements for infrastructure, internet connectivity and electricity.
“Mainly because of the Amazon rainforest, Brazil is largely responsible for the global climate balance. This is why stopping deforestation in the Amazon is also a way to reduce global warming. I know the magnitude of the challenge of ending deforestation by 2030, but it is a challenge we are determined to make it happen,” Lula said, according to Democracy Now!